The Museum of African Art (Serbian: Muzej Afričke Umetnosti) is a museum located in the urban neighborhood of Senjak in Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia. The museum was founded in 1977 and represents the one and only museum in the region of South East Europe that is wholly dedicated to the arts and cultures of the African continent. Most of its collection comes from the West Africa.
The museum specializes in African art, and predominantly features African masks. It was established from the private collection of Croatian diplomat in service of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Zdravko Pečar (born in Međimurje), and was a result of his long stay as Ambassador to Africa. The collection contains many rare and valuable pieces from the regions in which he traveled. The collection was bequeathed to the City of Belgrade in 1974 by the ambassador.
Since its initial establishment from Pečar’s private collection, the museum has continually expanded its collection and as of 2006 contains approximately 1,700 pieces.